This page about the population of Germany reveals some statistics, but also facts about the main metropolitan areas, and secrets about my fellow German people.
Approximately 82,2 million people live in Germany (31.12.2015). It is the most populated country in Europe, and the 14th in the world.
Approximately 9 Million (11%) German citizens have an immigrant background. The largest group of ethnic Germans comes from Russia and other countries of the former Soviet Union.
Germany has the third-largest Jewish population in Europe, many of them also came from former Soviet republics.
About 9 Million (11%) foreigners live in Germany, the Turkish people are with 1,5 million by far the largest community, followed by Serbs, Italian, Polish and Greek.Advertisement
In the early 1960s West Germany's economy grew significantly. Due to the resulting shortage of workers in the industry, "guest workers" (Gastarbeiter) from the Turkey, Yugoslavia, Italy and Spain were allowed to come to Germany. These guest workers were considered to stay and work for a few years, and then return to their country of origin. Some did, others stayed here, and had their families followed.
East Germany also had a guest worker program with people mainly coming from East European countries, Asia and Africa.
In the past decades, the German populaton has been decreasing, and getting older. Political parties have been discussing that an immigration program is needed to invite skilled workers and scientists to Germany.
In 2015 about 800,000 refugees and asylum seekers were registered in Germany. It takes time to handle so many asylum applications. Time will tell how many applicants receive refugee status, how many will move on to other countries or have to return to their original country.
Numbers of new arrivals have slowed down in 2016, however, it takes time and a lot of effort to integrate so many people.
The population of Germany has changed and has become more diverse since the 1960s, and this will continue. Basically, not a bad thing, in my opinion. Getting to know different cultures broaden one's mind.
Furthermore, citizens of the European Union have the right to live and work in any country within the EU, so the internationalisation of the population of Germany might increase in the future.
The average number is 230 people per km2 for the entire country. However, as you can see on the map, population density varies significantly from east to west.
There has always been an east-to-west movement since the 19th century.
At first, people from Prussia and Silesia (German territories at that time) went to the Rhine-Ruhr area to work in the steel mills.
Then, after WWII, Germans fled from these eastern regions (which then became part of Poland and Russia) to Germany. The east to west migration continued until 1961, when the Berlin Wall was built, and the last possibility to escape from Eastern Germany was closed.
After the wall fell in 1989, many people from the east moved westwards, mostly for economic reasons.
Also, within East and West Germany citizens moved from rural areas to the cities.
The map below gives you a good overview where people live. Check out the German States page to see how many people live in each state.
In the age of globalisation, I wonder how many people in Europe and around the world believe that the typical stereotypes about Germans are true?
Fact is that Germans are not the homogeneous society you might think it is. Many Germans identify themselves with the state they live in, and there are many differences in culture. For example, many Bavarians are proud Bavarians rather than proud Germans.
I could add a few other points about what I don't like about my fellow Germans. However, would this be representative?
On the positive side, visitors are offered great hospitality. German people won't smile all day. However, if they treat you friendly, you can be sure they mean it.
I received the following message by Graham from Norwich in England, he slightly disagreed with above statements.
Please note: Statistics about the population might not be up-to-date, although I try to update stats every so often.