As you can imagine, a city with a history of over 1000 years had its ups and downs. Rothenburg was involved in wars and conflicts, suffered from siege and natural disasters.
Nevertheless, many of the medieval buildings survived, or were restored to their original beauty.
Here is some background reading to learn about Rothenburg's history and why the medieval town could be preserved until today.
With this fascinating history, Rothenburg ob der Tauber is a beautiful place to explore. Don't miss my Rothenburg facts page with the major attractions and a photo gallery.
Due to the convenient location just a few kilometres west of the A7, it is easy to reach Rothenburg by car. Of, course, you can also take a leisurely drive along the Romantic Road to get there.
Rothenburg's train station is only a 15 minutes walk east of the city. There are no direct connections from any major city as Rothenburg is not an ICE/IC train stopping point. So you certainly need to change trains once or twice.
Check out connections and book your tickets online on the DB website.
There is a wide range of tours from Frankfurt and Munich to Rothenburg. You can take a day tour from both cities, or multi-day tours to see additional attractions. One-way tours in both directions from from Frankfurt to Munich (or Munich to Frankfurt) are available. Mulit-day tours often have Rothenburg as one of the overnight stops which gives you plenty time to explore the city.
Check out Rothenburg Tours from Viator.com.
Within the city walls there are lovely hotels in historic houses, great places to indulge even more of the old time charme.